Throughout this wahanga (section) we have also been learning about Rerehangu, passive sentence structures. These differ from Reremahi (active sentence structures) in that the emphasis shifts from the kaimahi (subject) to the noun or whainga/ goal. The kaimahi is therefore placed, usually, at the end of the passive sentence.
- The tense remains the same (and in the same position)
- The verb is passified by adding an ending to the verb. These include -tia, -ria, -ngia, -na, -a, -hia, etc etc. There is no hard and fast rule for which ending to use, though most of them will sound incorrect to the ear if the wrong ending is used. Hanga = Hangaia, Panui = Panuitia, Kite = Kitea.
- Verbs with a double sound at the beginning drop the first sound, eg Titiro becomes Tirohia, the first ‘ti’ is dropped.
- Words that are not action words can be made such by adding ‘whaka’ to the beginning, plus the passive ending. eg Kakahu (clothes) becomes Whakakakahuria (to put on clothes)
- Passive verbs can be used on their own as commands, eg Whakakakahuria! (Get dressed!), Tikina ōu hū (Get your shoes)
- The noun or whainga (goal) is brought forward to follow the passified verb.
- The kaimahi (subject) is preceded by ‘e’
The emphasis in a passive sentence can also be on the kaimahi by bringing it forward, still preceded by e. Ka hangaia e Nikora te whare (The house, by Nikora, will be built).